August 16, 2022

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Historic Place, Horca del Inca

Horca del Inca, which implies Gallows of the Inca, is not a gallows and was not made by the Inca. The Horca del Inca was a pre-Incan huge observatory, developed throughout the 14th century by the Chiripa people. The remains of the Horca del Inca were a part of 7 trilithic structures, placed to study the sun, moon, and stars above Lake Titicaca.

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Strolling through the vibrant Bolivian town on the coasts of Lake Titicaca, the flashing waters tickle the structures with their brilliant reflections. The rainbow of colours lights up the green banks that frame the sapphire blue lake. Copacabana is a little, broken-down town on the Bolivian side of the lake.

The function of the rock structure was just found in 1978 when a scientist kept in mind that the sun shone through various rock structures onto the cross beam of the Horca throughout the summer season solstice. When near the Horca del Inca, the hill uses spectacular views of Lake Titicaca and Copacabana.

Despite its name, the Horca del Inca was constructed by the pre-Inca Chiripa culture in the 14th century BC as a considerable observatory. When the Spanish came along, they damaged some of the websites in the hopes of discovering gold concealed there.

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In between the two naturally upright rocks, the Chiripa home builders put seven horizontal rock pieces in exact positions that would make it possible for observation of the incredible bodies. There is just one cross-piece left in place today, thanks to the Spanish, and regrettably, the rocks have been decorated with graffiti.

Within minutes you are on a shallow plateau that looks out over the lake and the town of Copacabana. Quickly, you pass some natural standing rock developments that develop an apse that is nearly basilica-like structurally. Beyond, another little plateau includes more standing stones and a big tablet-shaped stone that looks almost like a sacrificial altar.

A couple of meters behind you, you see a circular window in the rock. Throughout the winter season solstice in June, a beam of light permeates the hole and shines straight onto the lintel of the horca. Solstices and equinoxes bring the reflection of the sun off different locations, and in its prime time, it would have been a rustic, yet complicated solar and lunar calendar.

In ancient times, residents would have brought massive rocks up mountains and hills to honour the mountain gods. Having seen the location, you have touched those gods and returned to the plain of mortals a little humbler for your efforts. The active sun looks down on you, and you look right back at it.